On Monday, May 6, 2024, approximately 8 million voters in Chad will head to the polls to choose their next president. This marks the end of a three-year transition led by Mahamat Idriss …"> On Monday, May 6, 2024, approximately 8 million voters in Chad will head to the polls to choose their next president. This marks the end of a three-year transition led by Mahamat Idriss …">

2024 Chad Election: What you need to know

Posted on  May 3, 2024 
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2024 Chad Election: What you need to know

Photo Credit: @UlfLaessing/Twitter

On Monday, May 6, 2024, approximately 8 million voters in Chad will head to the polls to choose their next president. This marks the end of a three-year transition led by Mahamat Idriss Deby Itno.

Mahamat Iddris assumed power in April 2021, after his father Idris Derby, who had led the country for 30 years, was killed by rebels who tried to overthrow his government. Mahamat's ascension to the presidency has received several condemnations, with many describing it as a clear violation of the country’s constitution.

The country’s election management body, Agence Nationale de Gestion des Elections, has opened the window for campaigning from April 14 to May 4. With just a few days left to the elections, candidates are touring the country, actively engaging with, and presenting their policies and messages to the electorates.

In all, ten candidates are vying to lead the natural resource-rich country, including the Incumbent President Mahamat Déby, and Prime Minister Success Masra, who returned from exile in November after signing a reconciliation agreement with Chad’s military rulers. However, some political analysts believe that the election is being engineered to favour the incumbent President Mahamat, as some key political opponents have been disqualified. This has raised doubts about the credibility and fairness of the electoral process, and whether is it being used to legitimize Mahamat’s continued stay in office.

But what makes this election so crucial? Who stands the best chance of winning, and what factors will weigh heavily on the minds of voters as they cast their ballots? This article examines these issues as well as other key details about the upcoming elections.

Chad's Electoral System

According to Article 136 of the country’s Electoral Code, presidential elections are conducted using a single plurality system with a run-off. That is to say that a candidate must secure at least 50% plus one vote to be declared winner. If no candidate crosses this threshold, a run-off will be held between the two leading candidates and the person who secures the highest number of votes is declared as winner.

What issues will voters consider?

The timing of the upcoming election couldn't be more critical, as the country grapples with a severe cost-of-living crisis. Rising fuel, water, and electricity prices, especially in the capital city of N'Djamena, are weighing heavily on the minds of voters.

Moreover, the worsening security situation is a growing concern for voters. The northern part of the country is grappling with significant insecurity, worsened by porous borders with Libya that fuel human trafficking and smuggling.

Another issue that will be of concern for voters, as they prepare to cast their ballot is the refugee crisis. The influx of refugees, particularly from Sudan, Cameroun, and the Central African Republic poses a significant challenge to the country’s stability and limited resources.

Who is likely to win the election?

Incumbent President and leader of the Patriotic Salvation Movement, Mahamat Déby, appears as a clear favourite in the May 6 election, on the back of his incumbency and strong support within the Tchard Un Coalition.

However, he faces keen competition from Prime Minister and leader of The Transformers Party, Success Masra whose plan is to address Chad’s security challenges, and tackle unemployment

The race also includes notable candidates, including former Prime Minister Albert Pahimi Padacke and Lydie Beassemda, the only female candidate.

When will the results be released?

According to the country’s election authority, results are expected to be released two weeks after the election. If there is a second round, it will be conducted on 22nd June.

Follow the African Elections Project on Facebook and Twitter @Africanelection for more updates.


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