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Projecto Eleições Africanas: seu portal autorizado para informação e conhecimento sobre Eleições Africanas. Cobrindo eleições por toda Áfrca.

Le projet sur les elections en Afrique: votre portail exclusif et credible d'information et de connaissance en ligne, qui couvre les élections à travers le continent
Date:07 Aug 2017
#KenyaElections2017 – Facts and figures

On 8 August Kenyans will go to the polls to elect a new president, along with 67 senators, 349 MPs, and 47 governors. This will be the sixth presidential election since the transition from a one-party to a multiparty democratic system in 1992.

Though there are eight candidates running, many experts see it as a two-man race between incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta, and Odinga Raila, former Prime Minister and ODM party leader. For both Kenyatta and Odinga, the stakes are very high. At 55, Kenyatta is believed to be at the height of his political career, and failing to win a second term would make him the first Kenyan president to not be re-elected. Such an outcome would be considered humiliating, especially given the legacy of his father Jomo Kenyatta, as the country’s first president. For 72-year old Odinga, this will be his fourth and most likely final attempt at the presidency. After years of aspiring for this position, he and his supporters are eager for victory.  

In the most recent polls in 2013, Kenyatta won 50.07% of votes cast. In his campaign for re-election, he is promising to create 1.3 million new jobs, reduce cost of living, and improve the economy. Odinga also plans to create more jobs, as well as fight corruption and improve food security. 

These elections are critical, given Kenya’s economic and political position in the East African region, and the country’s history of political violence. Even though the last Kenyan elections passed off peacefully, other previous elections in 1992, 1997, and 2007 have resulted in violence. In the most recent incident in 2007, at least 1,300 people were killed and 600,000 were displaced. Fears about violence are further heightened, given the recent death of high-level election official Chris Msando, who was tortured and killed.

Civil society leaders have also expressed concern that there has been far less voter education leading up to this year’s elections, as compared to previous years. The International Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) has explained that this is as a result of lack of funding, which according to civil society officials is as a result of state threats and intimidation towards local and international organization workers.

Kenya practices a multi-party democracy and presidential system. Elections are held every four years.

Facts and Figures
-    To win the Presidential election, a candidate must get 50% + 1 vote nationally, and 25% of the vote in at least 24 counties in Kenya.
-    Presidential elections will be held on 8 August 2017
-    Total population of Kenya is 48.46 million (as of 2016)
-    19.6 million Kenyans are registered to vote in the 2017 General Election
-    46.6% of registered voters are female, and 53.4% are male
-    There are 40,883 polling stations in 290 constituencies across the country
-    There are 8 candidates vying for the presidency
-    President Uhuru Kenyatta won the 2013 elections by 50.07%
-    The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) is responsible for conducting and supervising the elections.
-    More than 5,000 election observers have registered with the IEBC
-    86% voter turnout in 2013 General Elections, the highest in Kenyan history
-    To be eligible to vote in the election, one must be a citizen of Kenya, be 18 years old and above, and be registered as a voter.
-    Individuals who have been convicted of an election offence in the preceding five years are not allowed to vote.
-    Kenya’s elections are one of the most expensive in Africa ($480 million in total, and about $25 per voter).

The European Union Election Observation Mission, The African Union Mission and the Commonwealth Election Observer Mission are among key observers in this election.

Final presidential election results will be published within seven days after voting takes place on August 8.

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