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The African Elections Project :  your authoritative African Elections Information and Knowledge online portal, covering elections across the continent

Projecto Eleições Africanas: seu portal autorizado para informação e conhecimento sobre Eleições Africanas. Cobrindo eleições por toda Áfrca.

Le projet sur les elections en Afrique: votre portail exclusif et credible d'information et de connaissance en ligne, qui couvre les élections à travers le continent
Date:31 Jul 2017
#RwandaElections 2017 – Facts and figures

Brief History
Rwanda, the east-central landlocked African Country gained its independence on 1 July 1962 from Belgium. Its history is dominated with civil wars between the two major tribes in the country – the Hutu majority and Tsutsi minority. This culminated in the Rwanda genocide of 1994, which was triggered by the assassination of then President Habyarimana and within 100 days around 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed. 

In the post elections era, Rwanda has gone to the polls seven (7) times which includes two (2) presidential elections, two (2) referenda and three (3) for electing Chamber of Deputies members.

The most recent polls was held in December 2015 for a referendum that resulted in the approval of constitutional amendments that allows current President Paul Kagame to run for a third term of office in 2017. Some of the amendments include shortening the presidential term from seven to five years, which will take effect in 2024.

Rwanda practices a multi-party democracy and a presidential system. The President and majority of members of the Chamber of Deputies are directly elected, whilst the Senate is indirectly elected and partly appointed.

The Rwandan Police service and the National Elections Commission have made good arrangements towards the coming Elections geared towards making it credible and foolproof. 

Facts and Figures

  • The president is elected in one (1) round of voting by plurality.
  • 4 August is date set for Presidential elections
  • August 3 is date set for 40,000 Rwandans in diaspora to vote in 33 countries 
  • 12,988,423 total population (as of July 1, 2016)
  • About 6.8million registered voters
  • 2,340 polling centres and 16,691 polling stations
  • The president is elected directly through a simple majority for a 7-year term.  The president appoints the prime minister. (Term reduced to 5 years after 2024 elections)
  • 3 candidates - Incumbent Paul Kagame of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF); Philippe Mpayimana (Independent Candidate) and Frank Habineza of the Democratic Green Party of Rwanda (DPGR)
  • President Kagame won both the 2003 and 2010 elections by 95% and 93% respectively
  • 24 days (July 14 through August 3) to campaign throughout 30 districts of the country making Rwanda one of the countries with the shortest period for political campaign
  • All Political campaigns closes 24 hours before the election.
  • The Rwanda National Electoral Commission is the main elections management body
  • 70,000 volunteers recruited currently undergoing trainings to serve as poll assistants.
  • 1,120 Election Observers registered by NEC
  • Past elections results: 98.32% voter turnout in 2015 referendum; 97.51% voter turnout in 2010 Presidential elections; 96.55% voter turnout in 2003 Presidential elections
  • Only Rwandan citizens are allowed to vote 
  • Law governing  presidential and parliamentary elections states that all  Rwandans who are at  least 18 years old at the date of elections and registered on electoral lists are entitled to vote
  • Registration is mandatory, except for persons physically not able to register  
  • Prohibited from registering on voter lists are the following groups: Persons who have been deprived from their right to vote by courts of law and not been rehabilitated or granted amnesty; Persons who have been convicted of genocide or crimes against humanity in all three categories; Persons who have confessed to the crime of genocide in all three categories; Persons who have been convicted of murder and manslaughter; Refugees; Prisoners
  • Polls open at 0600 local time (0400 GMT) and the polls closes at 1500 (1300 GMT).

Presidential Candidates online assets

Paul Kagame
Website: http://paulkagame.com
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/PresidentPaulKagame
Twitter: https://twitter.com/paulkagame
Flickr: https://www.flickr.com/photos/paulkagame/albums
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/paulkagame
Linkdin:  https://www.linkedin.com/in/paulkagame
Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/user/presidentkagame

Philippe Mpayimana
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/mpayimanaphilippe
Twitter: https://twitter.com/mpayimana
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/mpayphil/
Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/philippe-mpayimana-ba164952
Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/user/MrMpayimana

Frank Habineza
Website: http://www.rwandagreendemocrats.org
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/habinef
Twitter: https://twitter.com/FrankHabineza
Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/frank.habineza
Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/frank-habineza-0b97131a
Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC59hbv4h8ANj-fREI71lJKQ

Rwanda National Electoral Commission

Website: http://www.nec.gov.rw

Key elections observers include leaders from the African Union (AU), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (Comesa), East African Community (EAC) among others.

Final presidential election results will be published between August 9-19

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