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Le projet sur les elections en Afrique: votre portail exclusif et credible d'information et de connaissance en ligne, qui couvre les élections à travers le continent
News
Date:26 Aug 2016
Gabon 2016 election factsheet

Background

France ruled Gabon as part of French Equatorial Africa from 1910 until 1960 when it gained independence. Leon M’ba became Gabon’s first president and ruled with a strong hand abolishing all political parties until his demise in 1967.

His vice, Omar Bongo Ondimba succeeded him and introduced a one-party state until public pressure forced him to succumb to multi-party democracy in 1990. Bongo won many contested elections and ruled for 42 years until he passed away in 2009. This made him the longest president in world at that time.

Omar Bongo’s son, Incumbent President Ali Bongo Ondimba, won the 2009 elections on the ticket of the governing Gabonese Democratic Party (GDP). Ali Bongo will be contesting in this month elections despite the controversy over his nationality and eligibility of to run for president. His critics say he was adopted and does not hail from Gabon. Ali is expected to face stiff competition from Jean Ping, a former head of the commission of the African Union who is running on the ticket of the newly formed United Opposition Front for Change (FOPA). Despite this, experts have tipped Ali Bongo to win another seven-year in the oil-rich nation.

The Central African nation has no term limits. The president is directly elected by a simple majority popular vote. The prime minister, who serves as head of government, is appointed by the president.

The PDG dominates both the National Assembly and Senate. Gabon runs a bicameral Parliament. This comprise of the 102 Senate seats and 120 National Assembly seats. Presidents are directly elected by simple majority popular vote.

The central African Country has one of the highest GDP per capita in the continent yet a third of its citizens are estimated to live below the poverty line.


 

Last Presidential Elections: 20th January, 2016

Elections Date: Saturday 27th August, 2016.

President: Ali Bongo Ondimba

Prime Minister: Daniel Ona Ondo

Campaign Start Date: 13th August, 2016

Electoral Management Body: Autonomous and Permanent National Electoral Commission (CENAP)

Popular Hashtags: #Gabon2016

 

Below are some facts and figures about the, 2016 presidential elections:

·         The Gabonese Democratic Party (PDG) has ruled the country since independence from France in 1960

·         Gabon operates a bicameral parliament consisting of a National Assembly with 120 seats and Senate with 102 seats.

·         14 candidates were cleared by the electoral commission for the presidency but 3 have withdrawn their candidature.

·         The constitution bars candidates born outside the country from running for presidency. President Bongo’s candidature was validated by Gabon’s National Electoral Commission, CENAP, after controversy over his eligibility to contest for presidency.

·         This will be the second time incumbent Ali Bongo will be contesting for president after taking over from his father in 2009.

·         The President serves a 7-year renewable term

·         The National Independent and Permanent Electoral Commission (CENAP), National Communication Council (CNC) and the National Democratic Council (CND) manage elections in Gabon.

·         Jean Ping, a former chairman of the African Union commission and also served as president of the U.N. General Assembly, is running for presidency on the ticket of a coalesce of opposition parties.

·         Three (3) opposition presidential hopefuls, including Leon-Paul Ngoulakia - President Bongo's first cousin- have withdrawn from the race and endorsed the main opposition leader and former AU chief, Jean Ping.

·         There is no second round of voting in Gabon elections. The country goes through a single round of voting in presidential, legislative and senatorial elections

·         628,124 citizens are eligible to vote in the polls.

·         Gabon has an estimated population of 1.8 million.

·         There is no female candidate in the presidential race.

Key elections observer groups –African Union (AU), European Union (EU), National Democratic Institute (NDI), International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES), The Carter Center, Commonwealth, among others.

 

Leading Candidates, respective parties and relevant links:

Ali Bongo Ondimba: Gabonese Democratic Party, PDG, (Parti Démocratique Gabonais)

Website: http://www.changeonsensemble.com/

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/alibongoondimba/

Twitter: https://twitter.com/presidentabo

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/president_abo/

 

Jean Ping: Gabon Progress Party (Parti Gabonais du Progrès)

Website: https://twitter.com/pingjean

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/jeanping2016/

Twitter: http://jeanping.org/

 

Minlama Dieudonné Mintogo: National Union (Union Nationale)

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/DieudonneMinlamMintogo

Twitter: https://twitter.com/Minlama2016

 

Raymond Ndong Sima: Patriotic Alliance, AP, (Alliance Patriotique)

Website: http://ndongsima2016.com/ / https://www.facebook.com/Appel-à-l-Alliance-patriotique

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RaymondNdongSimaOfficiel

Twitter: https://twitter.com/teamndongsima

 

Pierre Claver Maganga Moussavou: Social Democratic Party (Parti Social Démocrate)

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pierreclaver.magangamoussavou.9?hc_ref=SEARCH

Twitter: https://twitter.com/magangapsd

 

Jean de Dieu Moukagni Iwangou: Union of Gabonese People (Union du Peuple Gabonais)

Website: http://upggabon.com

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Union-du-Peuple-Gabonais-UPG

 

Augustin Moussavou King: Gabonese Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste Gabonais)

 

Gérard Ella Nguema: Independent

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/GENOFFICIEL2016/?ref=br_rs

 

Paul Mba Abessole: Rally for Gabon, RPG, (Rassemblement por le Gabon)

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Rassemblement-Pour-le-Gabon

 

Abel Mbombe Nzoudou: Independent

 

Bruno Ben Moubamba: Independent

Website: http://moubamba.com    

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/BBMOUBAMBA2016

Twitter: https://twitter.com/bbmoubamba?lang=en https://twitter.com/BBMoubamba

 

Other key links:

The African Elections Project - http://africanelections.org

Gabon Actu - http://www.gabonactu.com

Gabon Review - http://gabonreview.com/

The Guardian - https://www.theguardian.com/world/gabon

All Africa - http://allafrica.com/gabon/

Gabon News - http://en.gabonews.com/

Gabon Libre - http://www.gabonlibre.com/

Gabon Eco - http://www.gaboneco.com/

France 24 - http://www.france24.com/en/tag/gabon

Follow AEP on social media – Twitter @....for updates on the #Gabon2016 elections 


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