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Le projet sur les elections en Afrique: votre portail exclusif et credible d'information et de connaissance en ligne, qui couvre les élections à travers le continent
News
Date:20 Mar 2016
Congo [Brazzaville] 2016 Elections Factsheet


Background
In 1960, Congo gained independence from France with Fulbert Youlou as president but was soon forced to step down due to workers’ unrest. He was replaced in 1963 by Alphonse Massamba-Débat, a Marxist politician. The oil-rich nation, have had their fair share of military coups and instability for over 30 years including the assassination of a military leader, Colonel Marien Ngouabi, in 1977 and the execution of Massamba-Débat, a former president blamed for the demise of the former.

For 20 years (1969 – 1979), PCT or Parti Congoloais du Travail (Congolese Labour Party) ruled the country under a one-party system until current President Colonel Denis Sassou-Nguesso came to power in a military coup.

In 1991, due to economic crisis in 1990, a conference dismissed Sassou-Nguesso and made preparations for multiparty elections. Unfortunately, the elections, held in 1992, ushered the country into a civil war.

A peace conference organised in 2001 adopts a new constitution and made way for presidential and parliamentary elections. Denis Sassou Nguesso wins presidential elections unopposed the following year after his leading rivals were barred from the contest.

President, Denis Sassou Nguesso, who has ruled the country for almost 32 of the past 37 years in two separate stretches, is running for a third term made possible by a referendum passed last year removing presidential term limits in the country.

The Republic runs two legislative houses: Senate is made up of 721 with 66 indirectly elected while the National Assembly comprises of 139 elected members.

More than half of the country’s GDP comes from oil revenues.
Last Presidential Elections: 7th December, 2009
Elections Date: Sunday 20th March, 2016.
Official Campaign End Date: 18th March, 2016
Second Run Date: Possible run-off on 18th April 2016
President: Denis Sassou-Nguesso
Electoral Management Body: National Commission for the Organization of Elections -

Below are some facts and figures about the 2016 elections:
• 8 candidates are challenging President Denis Sassou Nguesso in Sunday’s polls
• Term limits were scrapped last year to make it possible for to run for a third term.
• 2.1 million voters are eligible to cast a ballot. The country has a population of 4.5 million
• 5,000 polling stations will be involved nationwide.
• The European Union will not send an official monitoring for the elections
• A president is elected to serve a 7-year term.
• 5 candidates have promised to support the president's opponent in the event of a run-off.

Key elections observer groups – AU, NDI, IFES, the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), Carter Center, among others.

Leading Candidates, respective parties and relevant links:
General Jean-Marie Mokoko [former armed forces chief of staff]:
Website: http://www.jean-marie-michel-mokoko.net
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Jean-Marie-Michel-Mokoko-officiel
Twitter: https://twitter.com/MOKOKO_jean

Guy Brice Parfait Kolelas: Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development (MCDDI)
Website: http://www.mcddi-cg.com/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Soutenons-Guy-Brice-Parfait-Kolelas

President Denis Sassou-Nguesso: Congolese Labour Party (PCT)
Website: http://www.sassou.cg/
Facebook: http://facebook.com/SassouCG
Twitter: https://twitter.com/sassoucg
Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCB5ucbJ5zxm8OkzeGljevNA
Soundcloud: https://soundcloud.com/denissassounguesso

André Okombi Salissa: Initiative for Democracy in Congo
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Tous-derrière-André-Okombi-Salissa-
Twitter: https://twitter.com/salissaokombi

Pascal Tsaty Mabiala:
Website: http://pascalmabiala.over-blog.com/
Facebook: http://facebook.com/profile.php?id=100011502247455
Twitter: https://twitter.com/P_TsatyMabiala
Google plus: https://plus.google.com/u/0/110030865822702900864

Pascal Lissouba: The Pan-African Union for Social Democracy (Union Panafricaine pour la Démocratie Sociale, UPADS):
Website: http://www.upads-ea.eu/
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/UPADS-1380982602160326/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/UpadsInfo
 
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Elections In Africa Calendar
Democratic Republic of Congo -23 Dec 2018

Elections In Africa-Facts Sheet