Elections In Africa - News In Brief

Upcoming Elections

Past Elections
Cote d'Ivoire-28 Nov 2010
Niger-31 Jan 2011
Ghana-07 Dec 2008
Malawi-20 May 2014
Mozambique-28 Oct 2009
Namibia-27 Nov 2009
Mauritania-18 Jul 2009
Botswana-16 Oct 2009
Togo-04 Mar 2010
Guinea-27 Jun 2010
Comoros-11 Oct 2011
Ghana-07 Dec 2012
Egypt-31 Dec 2015
Tanzania-25 Oct 2015
Central African Republic -27 Dec 2015
Cape Verde -28 Aug 2016
About AEP
The African Elections Project :  your authoritative African Elections Information and Knowledge online portal, covering elections across the continent

Projecto Eleições Africanas: seu portal autorizado para informação e conhecimento sobre Eleições Africanas. Cobrindo eleições por toda Áfrca.

Le projet sur les elections en Afrique: votre portail exclusif et credible d'information et de connaissance en ligne, qui couvre les élections à travers le continent
Date:20 Feb 2016
Comoros: 2016 election factsheet

Since independence from France in 1975, Comoros has been confronted with profound crisis and challenges experiencing about 20 or more coups or coup attempts. The archipelago is made up of 3—Grande Comore (Ngazidja), Anjouan, and Mohéli. There is another islands Mayotte (which is not part of the country, administered by France but claimed by the country of Comoros.

In 1997, the crisis was compounded when two of the three islands, Anjouan and Moheli, decided to secede resulting in a violent confrontation until 2001. The country has a complex ethnic grouping with a mixture of descendants of Arab traders, Malay immigrants and Africans.

A new constitution in 2001 made it mandatory for elections to be held every five years, alternating between the three islands. The constitution granted greater autonomy to each of the 3 islands.

The archipelago has held successive elections since then. Comoros currently runs a unicameral Assembly of the Union with 33 seats.

But the story is not all gloom, the volcanic islands of the Comoros is known for their great scenic beauty, beaches and fragrant plant life. It is known as called the “perfumed islands”. The island heavily depends on remittances. Comoros is one of the world’s leading producers of ylang ylang, an important ingredient in making perfumes.
The country is also ranked as world’s poorest countries.

Last Presidential Elections: 7th November 2010 (First Round), 26th December, 2010 (Runoff Round)
Elections Date: Sunday 21th February, 20116.
Official Campaign End Date: 19 February, 2016
Second Run Date: Possible run-off on 18th April 2016
President: Ikililou Dhoinine
Electoral Management Body: The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) - http://www.cenicomores.km

Below are some facts and figures about the February, 2016 elections:
• Polls open at 0400 GMT;
• 25 candidates are contesting the presidential race. Only one is a female;
• A candidate is deemed elected (as president) by absolute majority vote to serve a five-year term;
• The presidency alternates between three islands of the archipelago. It is the turn of Grand Comore Island (Ngazidja);
• 160,000 citizens are eligible to vote out of a population of about 800,000.
• The elections are a two-round election.
• Only voters in Grand Comore Island (Ngazidja), will vote in the first round, while in the run-off, all three islands will vote.
• 3 leading candidates are expected to participate in a runoff on April 18.
• There are 41 aspiring governors: 15 on Ngazidja (Grande Comore), 14 on Anjouan and 12 on Mohéli.

Key elections observer groups – East African Community (EAC), International Organization of the Francophonie (OIF), European Union (EU), African Union (AU), National Democratic Institute (NDI), International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES), among others.

Leading Candidates, respective parties and relevant links:
Colonel Azali Assoumani [Ex-president and coup leader]: Convention for the Renewal of the Comoros / Convention pour le Renouveau des Comores (CRC)
Website: http://azaliassoumani.com
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Azali-Assoumani
Twitter: https://twitter.com/Azali_Assoumani
Google plus: https://plus.google.com/u/1/117038412983989720713/posts
Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCXXMdnrDCVI_CgZNmcqIG9w

Mohamed Ali Soilihi
[Vice-president and finance minister]: The Union for the Development of Comoros / L’Union pour le Développement des Comores (UPDC)
Website: http://www.mohamedalisoilihi.com
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/soutien.mamadou2016/
Twitter: http://www.mohamedalisoilihi.com/#TWITTER
Google plus: http://www.mohamedalisoilihi.com/#GPLUS

Mouigni Baraka Said Soilihi [governor of Ngazidja (Grande Comore)]: Democratic Rally of the Comoros / Rassemblement Démocratique des Comores (RDC)
Website: http://mouignibaraka.com
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Gouverneur.mouignibaraka/

Other key links:


Get the latest news and updates on elections in Africa by following us on twitter 
@africanelection and like our facebook page


Connect With Us

Elections In Africa Calendar

Elections In Africa-Facts Sheet